Python is believed to be an interpreted, high-level, general-purpose language of programming, created by Guido van Rossum and it was first released in 1991. Python’s design would be philosophy emphasizing code readability with its notable utilize of significant whitespace. Its language constructs as well as object-oriented approach aiming for helping programmers write clear, logical code for small as well as large-scale projects. It would be supporting multiple programming paradigms, which would be including structured (particularly, procedural,) object-oriented, as well as functional programming.
Python is often described as the batteries that included language because of its comprehensive standard library. Python was conceived in the late 1980s as a descendant of the ABC language. Python 2.0 was released in 2000, which would be introduced features such as list comprehensions and a garbage collection system capable of collecting reference cycles. Python 3.0, which was released in 2008, would be a major revision of the language that isn’t entirely backward-compatible, as well as much Python 2 code doesn’t run unmodified on Python 3. Before we move further, if you wish to gain hands-on experience, you should opt for the training courses offered at the SPOTO Club.
The Python 2 language, i.e. Python 2.7.x, has been officially discontinued on 1 January 2020 after which security patches as well as other improvements won’t be released for it. With Python 2’s discontinuing, only Python 3.5.x as well as later are supported. Python would be interpreting are available for lots of operating systems. A global community of programmers maintains and develops CPython, an open-source reference implementation. A non-profit organization, the Python Software Foundation, would be managing and directing resources for the development of Python and CPython.
Its implementation would have begun in December 1989. Van Rossum would be shouldered sole responsibility for the project, as the lead developer, until 12 July 2018, when he would be announcing his permanent vacation from his responsibilities as Benevolent Dictator for Life of Python, a title which was bestowed upon him by Python for reflecting his long-term commitment as the project’s chief decision-maker. He would be now sharing his leadership as a member of the steering council of five-person. In January 2019, active Python core developers later on elected Brett Cannon, Barry Warsaw, Nick Coghlan, Carol Willing as well as Van Rossum to a five-member Steering Council which would be leading to the project.
On 16 October 2000, Python 2.0 was released with lots of major new features, which would be including a cycle-detecting garbage collector and support for Unicode. On 3 December 2008, Python 3.0 was released. It would be a major revision of the language that isn’t completely backward-compatible. Many of its major features would be backported to Python 2.6.x as well as 2.7.x version series. Releases of Python 3 would be including the 2to3 utility, which would be automated, at least partially, the translation of Python 2 code to Python 3.
Python 2.7’s would be end-of-life date was previously set at 2015 than would be deferred to 2020 out of concern that a large body of existing code couldn’t be easily be forward-ported to Python 3.
A script is utilized for automating certain tasks in a program. It could be able to run by itself as well as it is less code-intensive whereas modules in python would be referred to as a library that couldn’t run on its own. It would be required to gain imported in order to utilize it.
Python Scripting Examples
Here are some examples of Python scripting that you could utilize for solving common real-world problems.
- Adding a Counter to a Python Script
- Date and Time Manipulation
- Defining Useful Utility Functions
- Getting and Setting Database Information
- Message Manipulation
- Adding or Deleting Rows and Retrieving a Table
- String Manipulation
- Using Python to Converting Text to PDF Format
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