IT networks or computer networks are exchanging data between devices. The network includes not only the design network but also the management, maintenance, operation and troubleshooting. The computer network allows devices to be connected to each other over a local area network (lan) or a larger network.
Experts recommend that IT network professionals use Cisco certification to absorb knowledge and skills in running networks. We know that Cisco is one of the best IT networking companies in the world and provides Cisco certification in all areas. These Cisco certifications verify that candidates can handle the network architecture.
If you are an aspiring network and plan to increase your network knowledge base by 2019, the best Cisco certification mentioned below can help you gain the right skills.
Here are some Best Cisco Certifications which candidates can take up to make a career in networking.
List of Best Cisco Certification in 2019:
CCNA Routing and Switching
CCIE Routing and Switching
CCNA Data Center
CCIE Data Center
CCNA Cyber Ops
CCNA Routing and Switching
Today, many companies are moving from traditional methods of setting up and managing networks to controller-based automation. As the skills required to operate these technologies continue to develop, candidates adopt a controller-based approach. In preparation, CCNA routing and switching is the only authentication that not only provides you with all the knowledge you need to manage the network, but also has the skills to operate and troubleshoot at the primary level. Beginners are advised to use CCNA routing and switching authentication. It is the most popular entry-level authentication in the field of the network.
CCIE Routing and Switching
CCIE Routing and Switching is a prestigious and prominent certification in the networking domain. Professionals who have design, plan, manage, operate and troubleshoot detailed network knowledge appear for The Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE Routing and Switching). Though there are no pre-requisites to appear for the CCIE Routing and Switching, it is a recommendation for candidates to have 3 to 5 years of work experience before taking up the certification. You could work as Network Solution Architect, Network Solution Planner/Designer and a Senior Network with a salary package of $60,048 to $168,860 per annum. The CCIE Routing and Switching Architects and Engineers after a couple of year experience, the CCIE Certified Professionals can earn highest in the IT Networking Industry.
All enterprises make use of Network Security as an essential part of the network. They protect the network against threats and vulnerabilities. The Cisco Certified Network Associate (CCNA Security) is an associate level certification which provides knowledge and skills to secure Cisco Networks. This certification helps the certified develop security network infrastructure, recognize threats and issues, and resolve them to protect the confidential data. The CCNA Security curriculum includes learning to install, monitor and troubleshoot network security infrastructure. Job roles like Network Security Specialist, Security Administrator, and Network Security Support Engineer are paid from $44,147 to $113,790 per annum
Cisco Certified Network Professional Security(CCNP Security)is a high-level certification higher than CCNA security certification. CCNP security experts handle security and routers, switches, and network devices. CCNPSAcurity provides knowledge of choice, deployment, support and troubleshooting of firewalls, IDS/IPS solutions and VPN failures. The National Security Agency(NSA)and the National Security Systems Commission(CNSS)announced that the CCNP security certification was a CNSS training standard. The CCNP security candidate may be appointed as a cybersecurity engineer, whose annual income is about$84,000 to$118,000.
Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert Security (CCIE Security) is the highest level in the security domain offered by Cisco. The CCIE Security leads you towards a career where you build an end to end security for a network infrastructure. The CCIE Security provides skills and knowledge to develop, manage, implement, and troubleshoot the network security architectures. The CCIE Security Professionals have in-depth knowledge and skills about every aspect of network security. There is no prerequisite stated to appear for the CCIE Security Certification but a job experience of 3 to 5 years could be useful or the candidate. The salary of a CCIE Security candidate could be around $100,000.
CCNA Data Center
A Data Center centralizes a company’s operations along with storing, managing and distributing data. A Data Center is home to the crucial component of the business. A Data Center is the core of any business. The CCNA Data Center could help you to learn to install, configure and maintain the Data Centers. A few areas where Data Center focuses is Data Center Network Concepts, Data Center Infrastructure, Unified Computing, Storage Networking, Data Center Automation, and Orchestration, etc. A CCNA Data Center Professional Certified is appointed as a Data Center Network Engineer or a Data Center System Engineer. The pay could be from $100,000 to $150,000.
CCIE Data Center
CCIE Data Center is the top level of expertise. The Cisco Certified Internetwork Data Center (CCIE Data Center) validates that the candidates possess the skills to plan, design, implement and troubleshoot the complex Data Center Infrastructures. The CCIE Data Center practitioners also have expertise in different technologies and industry practices. The CCIE Data Center plays the role of a leader as the candidate holds the knowledge and skills to manage the Data Center Network. A Senior Data Center Architect or Senior Data Center Engineer/Administrator is provided with a salary of around $123,500.
The CCIE Collaboration includes endpoints like Video, IP Phone, Mobile, Desktop, and Conferencing like video and web conferencing which enables people to connect. It also includes designing a work space. CCIE provides you with knowledge about Collaboration solutions interoperation and integration, configuration, managing and troubleshooting of complex architecture. The foundation of the CCIE Collaboration is overcoming the challenges of video and mobility. The CCIE Collaboration offers Job Roles like Collaboration Architects, Unified Communication Architects, and Voice or Video Network Manager. The salary of a CCIE Collaboration could be around $129,735.
Many companies these days are diverging towards cloud technology. Cloud Technology is agile, and provides business outcomes. Cisco is the only company in the world which an end-to-end Cloud and Inter-Cloud Story. The CCNA Cloud Certification will provide you with entry-level knowledge and skills about Cisco Cloud Products and Services. The Job Designations assigned to these professionals could be Cloud Engineers, Network Engineers, and Cloud Engineers. These engineers and administrators possess a cloud skill set which enables them to manage the IT Networks. The pay for this job would be around $74,000 per annum.
CCNA Cyber Ops
Due to increased threats and vulnerabilities, organizations have to be cautious from cyber threats. Organizations need to manage cyber security incidents the protect loss of company data. Security Operation Centers (SOC) keep an eye on all the networks to protect organizations and fight against cyber security threats. The candidates are termed as associate level cyber security analysts. The pay of an Associate Level Cyber Security Analyst is around $67,000 per annum.
These Best Cisco Certifications will not only provide you with knowledge and skills to operate the network but also land you up in one of the best jobs in the industry. They will help you dominate your domain and will prove to be an edge over other candidates.
- Check Point
Check Point Certifications mean the expertise with the technology that would be securing the internet for all Fortune and Global 100 companies. The benefits of being certified with Check Point includes the skills so as to support and sell Check Point products, 2-year expert access to their Secure Knowledge database as well as advanced product documentation.
A Check Point User Center or Partner Map account is required to receive certification benefits. You would be able to create a new account at the User Center. If you aren’t sure about your account, you would have to contact Account Services for verification. You would also need a Pearson VUE account, and the email address which would be the same as your UserCenter account. You would be glad to know that SPOTO is now introducing the training courses for Check Point Certifications also. Below mentioned are some certifications provided by the Check Point Solutions.
Check Point Certified Security Administrator (CCSA) R80
Check Point Certified Security Administration otherwise known as CCSA R80 course which would be providing an insight into basic concepts as well as skills essential for configuring Check Point Security Gateway and Managing Software Blades. In other words, the key for managing the complexities as well as threats posed would be through security consolidation. With R80, security consolidation would be fully realized.
By achieving the CCSA or the Check Point Certified Security Administrator certification you would be validating your ability to configure, install, and manage Check Point Security Gateway and Management Software Blade systems on the GAiA operating system.
You would be Learning about how to:
Installing R80 management as well as a security gateway in a distributed environment.
Configuring rules, objects, and settings so as to define a security policy.
Working with multiple concurrent administrators and define permission profiles.
Configuring a Virtual Private Network and work with Check Point clustering.
Performing tasks of periodic administrator as specified in administrator job descriptions.
Be able to:
Defending against network threats.
Evaluating existing security policies as well as optimizing the rule base.
Managing user access so as to corporate LANs.
Monitoring suspicious network activities as well as analyzing attacks.
Troubleshooting network connections.
Implementing Check Point backup techniques.
Check Point Certified Security Expert (CCSE) R80
By achieving the CCSE - Check Point Certified Expert certification you will validate your ability to build, modify, deploy and troubleshoot Check Point Security Systems on the GAiA operating system.
Following Certifications are required to be obtained for pursuing the CCSE Certification R80:
Check Point Security Administration (R80.20 GAiA)
CCSA - Check Point Certified Administrator
As and when you have achieved this you would be able to:
You would be prepared so as to defend against network threats.
Evaluating existing security policies and optimize the rule base.
Managing user access to corporate LANs.
Monitoring suspicious network activities and analyze attacks.
Troubleshooting network connections.
Implementing Check Point backup techniques.
Check Point Managed Security Expert (CCMSE)
CCMSE or Check Point Certified Managed Security Expert would be able to cover global policy (configuration and implementation), firewalls (virtual environment consolidation and transition) as well as multi-domain security management (installation, configuration, and troubleshooting).
Checkpoint would be offered industry-leading certifications and tests that would be recognized globally. Employers would be increasingly requiring tangible proof that you have the required knowledge it takes to perform your job. Achieving a CCMSE certification is considered to be quite simple and provides that extra edge for those already succeeding in the IT industry. In the field of IT, competition is increasing day by day as well as you would be needed to keep yourself update by doing certifications.
So, you are required to be Certified CCSE R70/R71 and up to 1 year of experience with Check Point products.
So, if you wish to have this certification, you should be trained with the prep courses which would be offered by the SPOTO.
Some ways to build CCIE SP Lab
Here, we would be discussing some ways to build a lab for CCIE SP Lab Exam. The first thing to do if you haven’t done it already would be to make sure that you have the support from your family before you would be starting to prepare for the CCIE SP lab. Explain to them the time that you would be needed to put in to prepare and also explain why you wish to do it and what the benefits you would be obtained by doing it.
Once you would have totally committed it would be time to grade yourself. Go through the blueprint for the track you would be preparing for at the Cisco Learning Network. You should grade yourself on each topic from 1 to 5 on where you believe that you are today. You need to make a realistic assessment; it is not likely that you would be 4 or 5 on many topics unless you would become a very experienced engineer. This would be considered as an expert level exam, it is considered vastly different from any associate or professional level exam.
You should also make a detailed schedule where you should write down each topic that you would be studying and how much time you would be expecting to put in on each topic. You should also map each topic to lab workbooks and if you need to do reading in books or blogs etc, check out the courses books being offered by the SPOTO. Most people studying for the CCIE SP will like to use a lab workbook that would be formulated by the SPOTO.
While preparing for the CCIE SP lab, it would be quite essential that you learn about how to verify your configuration. Don’t rely on your configuration to be correct unless you would have verified it, yourself. You are needed to learn all the show commands that you would need to verify for each protocol or feature. Many candidates would have gone to the lab and configured everything quite perfectly, or so they believed, only to get a detrimental score in their CCIE SP lab report. Everything is about verification. If you don’t have time to verify and configure in the CCIE SP lab, you aren’t at the expert level which would be required to clear the CCIE SP lab yet. Just keep practicing until you reach there!
It is considered to be very important to feel comfortable in the CCIE SP lab exam. The more you know about the lab the less stress you would feel about going to the CCIE SP lab exam. I would write down what I am going to remember from the CCIE SP lab here to give you a better picture of it. These are my thoughts and I won’t be able to provide you guarantee that they are accurate for CCIE SP lab or not, but if you gain the courses which would be provided by the SPOTO, they will provide you guarantee to achieve success in this exam in the very first attempt. Get more ccie lab switches click there.
Introduction to the benefits of CCIE SP Lab for SPOTO
SPOTO CCIE CLUB offers the candidates dumps in all Cisco track written as well as lab exams. Besides, they had already helped about more than 500 CCIE candidates to obtain the magical CCIE Certifications, since October 2015.
CCIE Service Provider v4.1 LAB Examination Content:
TS：1 set topology，TS1 (3 weeks before the exam)
2. DIAG：1 set (1 week before the exam)
3. CFG：1 set topology, LAB 1
So, if you wish to clear your exam in one go, acquire the prep courses offered by the SPOTO CLUB. SPOTO CLUB's prep courses also include the knowledge of Cisco ios, routers and switches, Cisco networks, CCNA routing switching, Cisco routers, etc.
Virtual private network (VPN) connections establish secure tunnels between endpoints through public networks, such as Internet.
This chapter applies only to site-to-site VPN. on Firepower threat defense devices.
It describes the Internet protocol security association and key management protocol (ISAKMP or IKE) and SSL standard for building site-to-site VPN. Site-to-site VPN, on 7000 and 8000 series devices is described in gateway VPN as gateway VPN or Firepower VPN. in the Firepower management cente
VPN Packet Flow
How Secure Should a VPN Connection Be?
The Firepower Management Center supports the following types of VPN connections: site-to-site VPN.
on Firepower threat defense devices Site-to-site VPN connects to networks in different geographical locations. You can create site-to-site IPsec connections between managed devices and other Cisco or third-party counterparts that meet all relevant standards. These peers can have any combination of internal and external IPv4 and IPv6 addresses. Site-to-site tunnels are setup by using Internet Protocol Security (IPsec) protocol suite and IKEv1 or IKEv2.
After the VPN connection is established, the host behind the local gateway can connect to the host behind the remote gateway through a secure VPN tunnel.Site-to-site VPNs on 7000 and 8000 Series devices.
These site-to-site VPN are called gateways VPN or Firepower VPN. in the Firepower management center For information about such VPN connections, see Gateway VPN.
Tunnels can use public TCP / IP networks, such as Internet, to create secure connections between remote users and private enterprise networks. Each secure connection is called a tunnel.
VPN technology based on IPsec uses Internet security association and key management protocol (ISAKMP or IKE) and IPsec tunnel standard to build and manage tunnels. ISAKMP and IPsec complete the following tasks:
Negotiate tunnel parameters.
Authenticate users and data.
Manage security keys.
Encrypt and decrypt data.
Manage data transfer across the tunnel.
To Manage data transfer inbound and outbound as a tunnel endpoint or router.
The device in the VPN acts as a two-way tunnel endpoint. It receives normal packets from a private network, then encapsulate them, create a tunnel, and send them to the other end of the tunnel where they are not encapsulated and sent to their final destination. It can also receive the encapsulated data packets from the public network and decapsulate them and send them to the final destination on the private network.
After establishing a site-to-site VPN connection, the host behind the local gateway can connect to the host behind the remote gateway through a secure VPN tunnel. The connection consists of the IP address and hostname of the two gateways, the subnet behind them, and the method of mutual verification between the two gateways.
Internet Key Exchange (IKE)
Internet Key Exchange (IKE)
Internet key Exchange (IKE) is a key management protocol for authentication of IPsec peers, negotiation and distribution of IPsec encryption keys, and automatic establishment of IPsec security associations (SA).
IKE negotiation consists of two stages. Stage 1 negotiates the security association between the two IKE peers, which enables the peer to communicate securely in stage 2. During phase 2 negotiations, IKE establishes SA. for other applications, such as IPsec Proposals are used in both stages when negotiating connections.
The IKE policy is a set of algorithms that two peers are used to protect the IKE negotiation between them. IKE negotiation begins with a common (shared) IKE policy for each peer. This policy describes which security parameters to protect the subsequent IKE negotiation. For IKE version 1 (IKEv1), the IKE policy contains a set of algorithms and an array of modes. Unlike IKEv1, in the IKEv2 policy, you can select multiple algorithms and model arrays, which you can select during the first phase of the negotiation. While you may want to use different policies to provide a higher priority for your most desirable options, you can create a single IKE policy. For site-to-site VPNs, you can create a single IKE policy.
To define an IKE policy, specify:
Unique priority (1 to 65,543, highest priority 1).
The encryption method negotiated by IKE is used to protect data and ensure privacy.
The hash message authentication code (HMAC) method (called integrity algorithm in IKEv2) ensures the identity of the sender and that the message is not modified during transmission.
For IKEv2, a separate pseudorandom function(PRF)is used as an algorithm to derive the key materials and hash operations required for IKEv2 tunnel encryption. The options are the same as for the hash algorithm.
The diffie-hellman group is used to determine the strength of the encryption key determination algorithm.
Devices use this algorithm to derive encryption and hash keys.
An authentication method used to ensure the identity of peers
Only preshared keys are used for authentication.
The time limit for the device to use the encryption key before replacement.
When the IKE negotiation begins, the peer to initiate the negotiation sends all of its policies to the remote peer, and the remote peer searches for a match with its own policy in order of priority. If the IKE policy has the same encryption, the hash (the integrity of IKEv2 and the PRF), the authentication, and the Diffie-Hellman value, and the SA lifetime is less than or equal to the lifetime in the transmitted policy, there is a match between the IKE policies. If the life cycle is not the same, the shorter the life cycle-the policy from the remote peer-applies. By default, the Firepower Management Center deploys the lowest priority IKEv1 policy for all VPN endpoints to ensure successful negotiation.
IPsec is one of the safest ways to set up VPN. IPsec provides data encryption at the IP packet level and provides powerful standards-based security solutions. Use IPsec, data to transmit over a public network through a tunnel. Tunnel is a secure logical communication path between two peers. The flow into IPsec tunnel is protected by the combination of security protocol and algorithm.
The IPsec proposal policy defines the settings required for the IPsec tunnel. The IPsec proposal is a collection of one or more encryption maps that are applied to the VPN interface on the device. Encryption mapping combines all the components required to set up IPsec security associations, including:
The proposal (or transformation set) is a combination of security protocols and algorithms to protect traffic in IPsec tunnels. During the IPsec security association (SA) negotiation, peers search for the same proposal at both peers. When found, it will be applied to create a SA, to protect the data flow in the access list of the encrypted map, thereby protecting traffic in the VPN. IKEv1 and IKEv2 have separate IPsec proposals. In the IKEv1 proposal (or transformation set), you can set a value for each parameter. For IKEv2 proposals, you can configure multiple encryption and integration algorithms for a single proposal.
Encryption mappings combine all the components required to set up IPsec security associations(SA), including IPsec rules, proposals, remote peers, and other parameters required to define IPsecSA. When two peers attempt to establish SA, they must each have at least one compatible cryptographic mapping entry.
When an unknown remote peer attempts to start a IPsec security association with the local center, the dynamic password mapping policy will be used in the site-to-site VPN. The hub cannot initiate security association negotiation. Dynamic cryptography policy allows remote nodes to exchange IPsec communication with local centers, even if the hub does not know the identity of the remote nodes. A dynamic password mapping policy essentially creates a password mapping entry without configuring all the parameters. The lost parameters are then dynamically configured (as a result of IPSec negotiations) to match the needs of remote peers.
The dynamic encryption mapping strategy is only suitable for central radiation and full mesh VPN topology. In a point-to-point or full-mesh VPN topology, you can only apply static encryption mapping policies. By using two devices to create a central radiation topology, the dynamic encryption mapping is simulated in a point-to-point topology. Specify a dynamic IP address for the spoke and enable dynamic encryption mapping on this topology.
VPN Packet Flow
On Firepower threat defense devices, by default, no traffic is allowed to pass access control without explicit permission. VPN tunnel traffic is also not passed to the endpoint until it passes through Snort. Incoming tunnel packets are decrypted before they are sent to the Snort process. Snort processes outgoing packets before encryption.
The access control of the protected network that identifies each endpoint node of the VPN tunnel determines which traffic passes through the Firepower threat defense device and reaches the endpoint.
In addition, the system does not send tunnel traffic to the public source when the tunnel is down.
There is no specific licensing for enabling Firepower Threat Defense VPN, it is available by default.
The Firepower management center determines whether to allow or prevent the use of strong encryption on the Firepower threat defense device based on the attributes provided by the smart license server.
This is controlled by selecting the export control feature on the Allow device when you register with the Cisco Smart License Manager. Strong encryption cannot be used if you are using an evaluation license or if the export control feature is not enabled.
How Secure Should a VPN Connection Be?
Because the VPN tunnel typically traverses the public network, itundefineds probably the Internet, so you need to encrypt the connection to protect traffic. You can use the IKE policy and IPsec proposal to define the encryption and other security technologies to apply.
If your device license allows you to apply strong encryption, you can select various encryption and hash algorithms and DiffieHellman groups. However, as a general rule, the stronger the encryption applied to the tunnel, the worse the system performance. Balance between security and performance and provide adequate protection without affecting efficiency.
We are unable to provide specific guidance on which options to choose. If you operate within a larger company or other organization, you may have defined the standards you need to meet. If not, take the time to study options.
The following topics explain the available options.
Deciding Which Encryption Algorithm to Use
Deciding Which Hash Algorithms to Use
Deciding Which Diffie-Hellman Modulus Group to Use
Deciding Which Encryption Algorithm to Use
When deciding which encryption algorithms to use for the IKE policy or IPsec proposal, your choice is limited to algorithms supported by the devices in the VPN.
You can configure a variety of encryption algorithms for IKEv2,. The system sets the order from the safest to the least secure and uses that order to negotiate with peers. You can only select one option for IKEv1.
For IPsec proposals, the algorithm is used by Encapsulated Security Protocol(ESP), which provides authentication, encryption, and back-replay services. ESP is IP protocol type 50. In IKEv1IPsec proposal, the algorithm name is prefixed with ESP.
If your device license qualifies for strong encryption, you can choose from the following encryption algorithms. If you are not qualified for strong encryption, you can select DES only.
The advanced encryption standard in AES-GCM- (IKEv2. only) Galois / Counter mode is a block cipher operation mode, which provides confidentiality and data source authentication, and provides higher security than AES.
AES-GCM offers three different key advantages: 128-bit, 192-bit and 256-bit keys. Longer keys provide higher security, but performance degrades. GCM is the AES mode needed to support NSA Suite B. NSA Suite B is a set of encryption algorithms that devices must support in order to meet the federal encryption strength standard. .
AES-GMAC- (IKEv2 IPsec proposal only.) Advanced encryption standard Galois message authentication code is a block password operation mode, which only provides data source authentication. It is a variant of AES-GCM that allows data authentication without encrypting data.
AES-GMAC offers three different key advantages: 128-bit, 192-bit and 256-bit keys.
AES-Advanced Encryption Standard is a symmetric cryptography algorithm, which provides higher security than DES and is more efficient than 3DES in computation. AES offers three different key advantages: 128-bit, 192-bit and 256-bit keys. Longer keys provide higher security, but performance degrades. 3DES-Triple DES uses a 56-bit key to encrypt three times, which is more secure than DES because it uses a different key to process each block three times. However, it uses more system resources and is slower than DES.
DES-Data Encryption Standard uses 56-bit key encryption, which is a symmetric key block algorithm. It is faster than 3DES and uses fewer system resources, but it is not very secure either. If you do not need strong data confidentiality and need to consider system resources or speed, select DES.
Null-A null encryption algorithm provides unencrypted authentication. This is usually used only for testing purposes. Decide which hash algorithm to use in the IKE policy, the hash algorithm creates a message digest to ensure message integrity.
In IKEv2, the hash algorithm is divided into two options, one for integrity algorithm and the other for pseudorandom function (PRF). In the IPsec proposal, the encapsulation security protocol (ESP) uses hash algorithm for authentication. In IKEv2 IPsec Proposals, this is called an integrity hash.
In the IKEv1 IPsec proposal, the algorithm name is prefixed with ESP- and there is a-HMAC suffix (for hash method authentication code). You can configure multiple hash algorithms for IKEv2. The system sets the order from the safest to the least secure and uses that order to negotiate with peers. You can only select one option for IKEv1.
You can choose from the following hash algorithms.
SHA (Secure Hash Algorithm)-generates a 160-bit summary. SHA is more resistant to violent attacks than MD5. However, it is also more resource-intensive than MD5. For implementations that require the highest security level, use the SHA Hash algorithm.
Standard SHA (SHA1) produces a 160-bit summary. The following SHA-2 options are more secure and available for the IKEv2 configuration. If you are implementing the NSA Suite B encryption specification, select one of them.
SHA256-Specifies the secure hash algorithm SHA 2 with a 256-bit digest.
SH3 sequencer 84-The secure hash algorithm SHA 2 is specified using a 384-bit digest. SHA512-Specifies the secure hash algorithm SHA 2 with a 512-bit digest. MD5 (Message Digest 5)-A 128-bit summary is generated.
MD5 uses less processing time to achieve faster overall performance than SHA, but it is considered weaker than SHA.
Null or None (NULL, ESP-NONE)-(IPsec only). ) An empty hash algorithm; this is typically used for test purposes only.
However, if one of the AES-GCM/ GMAC options is selected as an encryption algorithm, an empty integrity algorithm should be selected. Even if you select a non-null option, the integrity hash of these encryption standards is ignored.
deciding which Diffie-Hellman model array to use You can generate an IPsec Security Association (SA) key using the following Diffie-Hellman key derivation algorithm.
Each group has a different size modulus. A larger modulus provides higher security, but requires more processing time. You must have a matching mode array on both peers.
If AES encryption is selected to support the large key size required by the AES, the Diffie-Hellman (DH) Group 5 or later should be used. The IKEv1 policy only allows groups 1,2, and 5. To implement the NSA Suite B encryption specification, use IKEv2 and select one of the elliptic curve Diffie-Hellman (ECDH) options:19,20, or 21.
The elliptic curve option and the group using the 2048-bit modulus are less attacked and the like as the logjam. For IKEv2, you can configure multiple groups. The system will set the order from the most secure to the most unsecure and use the order to negotiate with the peer. For IKEv1, you can only select one option.
1—Diffie-Hellman Group 1: 768-bit modulus.
2—Diffie-Hellman Group 2: 1024-bit modulus.
5—Diffie-Hellman Group 5: 1536-bit modulus. Considered good protection for 128-bit keys.
14—Diffie-Hellman Group 14: 2048 bit modulus. Considered good protection for 192-bit keys.
19—Diffie-Hellman Group 19: 256 bit elliptic curve.
20—Diffie-Hellman Group 20: 384 bit elliptic curve.
21—Diffie-Hellman Group 21: 521 bit elliptic curve.
24—Diffie-Hellman Group 24: 2048-bit modulus and 256-bit prime order subgroup
Well, to begin with, any certification would prove to be a signal of skill as well as dedication to an employer. The CCIE Wireless Certification would be bringing immeasurable bona-fides to your resume because it is considered as the pinnacle of your certification pathway. It would be compared to that to the PhD-level of certification; the CCIE Wireless comes up with lots of whack among peers and employers.
If we look out for the cost, it is quite an expensive exam, which would be costing more than $2,000 so as to take both the written as well as labs portion of the exam. Even though the cost is precipitous, the value of a CCIE Wireless certification in earning potential is far greater than the cost of achieving the CCIE Wireless. Considering the fact that there would be about 2,049 working hours in the year, suppose if you make $1 more per hour, then you would be able to cover the cost of the exam in one single year.
And you would be able to find lots and lots of opportunities.
In order to understand the value of the CCIE Wireless Track, it is necessary to understand the benefits of the same.
Benefits of CCIE Wireless Certification:
Cisco CCIE Wireless training in International is considered as part of the Cisco Certification training course class, The Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert Wireless (CCIE Wireless) certification would be able to assess and validate wireless expertise. The Exam Takers who clears, the CCIE Wireless certification exams are going to demonstrate broad theoretical knowledge of wireless networking as well as a solid understanding of wireless local area networking (WLAN) technologies from Cisco, which is considered as the market leader in WLAN technology.
One of the benefits of CCIE Wireless Certification is that it provides the candidate a greater opportunity for salary increase as well as job advancement, it also validates expertise in major aspects of wireless LAN technology, and also provides a stepping stone for individuals who would be interested in a career in working or managing with Cisco wireless technologies.
It would be certifying expert-level knowledge as well as skill for building an extensible Enterprise WLAN. It enables candidates to combine their core technical expertise with knowledge of accelerating technologies, such as cloud, web programmability, and the Internet of things.It helps to configure, diagnose, and troubleshoot a series of complex network scenarios. It enables to understand how the network and service components interoperate, and how the functional requirements translate into specific device configurations.
The knowledge of troubleshooting would be considered as quite an important skill and candidates would be expected to diagnose and solve issues. Cisco announces a flexible and alternative way of recertifying the expert-level certification for the holders. In addition to the existing option of clearing the relevant exams, candidates would be able to choose to recertify by earning credits through the Continuing Education Program.
Cisco’s Continuing Education Program is going to be based on three founding principles: Flexibility, Diversity, as well as Integrity. Flexibility could be achieved existing Cisco certified individuals would be offered an alternative option for recertifying, in addition to the already existing option of recertifying by clearing the relevant exam or exams. Diversity would be achieved by allowing individuals a wide range of preapproved items, like the online courses, instructor-led training, authoring of content, as well as Cisco Live training offerings, which could be pursued to earning credits toward recertification. Integrity could be achieved by having content providers who have been authorized by Cisco, who would be delivering the content to the individual seeking recertification, validating the credits submitted by that individual.
So, if you wish to have all these benefits, you have to gain this certification, which again isn’t going to be an easy task, unless you have help. I would suggest you check out the courses offered by the SPOTO. They are the best when it comes to various IT Certifications.
Herein, you would be through the equipment requirements and pre-lab tasks in preparation for taking the VPN practice lab.
The CCIE Routing and Switching Lab exam would be commenced with 2 hours of troubleshooting which would be again followed by 5 1/2 hours of configuration and ends with 30 minutes of additional questions. This CCIE Routing and Switching Lab have been timed to last for 8 hours of configuration and self-troubleshooting, so as to aim in order to complete the lab within this period. Get more ccie lab switches click there.
Then either score yourself at this point or you might continue until you feel that you have met all the objectives. Now, we are going to guide you through the equipment requirements and pre-lab tasks in preparation for taking this CCIE Routing and Switching practice lab.
If you don't own six routers as well as four switches, consider using the equipment which would be available and additional lab exercises as well as training facilities that could be found within the CCIE Routing and Switching. But before that, if you wish to practice this in detail, you could do it by gaining access to the prep courses of SPOTO.
You would be needed the following hardware as well as software components in order to begin this practice lab:
• Six routers loaded with Cisco IOS Software Release 12.4 Advanced Enterprise image and the minimum interface configuration, as it is being documented in Table 3-1
Table 3-1. Hardware Required per Router
Router Model Ethernet I/F Serial I/F
R1 3825 1 1
R2 3725 — 2
R3 3825 — 2
R4 3825 1 1
R5 3825 1 1
R6 3825 2 —
The 3825s used in this lab were loaded with c3825-adventerprisek9-mz.124-6.T.bin, and the 3725 was loaded with c3725-adventerprisek9-mz.124-6.T.bin.
The 3550 in this lab was loaded with c3550-ipservicesk9-mz.122-25.SEE.bin, and the 3560s with c3560-ipservicesk9-mz.122-25.SEE.bin.
• One 3550 switches with Cisco IOS Software Release 12.2 IP Services and three 3560 switches with Cisco IOS Software Release 12.2 IP Services.
This practice lab uses the topology, which you must re-create with your own equipment.
Configure VLAN assignments from the configurations which would be supplied on the CD-ROM or from Table 3-2.
Table 3-2. VLAN Assignment
VLAN Switch1 Switch2 Switch3 Switch4
45 Fa0/4, Fa0/5, Fa0/6 — — —
200 Fa0/19 — — —
400 — Fa0/19 — —
Trunk Fa0/1 Fa0/6 — —
Trunk Fa0/20 Fa0/20 Fa0/20 Fa0/20
Frame Relay Instructions
Configuring one of the routers you would be going to use in the lab as a Frame Relay switch or would be having a dedicated router purely for this task. This CCIE Routing and Switching lab would be utilizing a dedicated router for the Frame Relay switch. A fully meshed environment is going to be configured between all the Frame Relay routers. Pay attention in the lab as to which PVC (permanent virtual circuits) is actually going to require. You are needed to keep the encapsulation and LMI (Local Management Interface) settings to default for this exercise, but experiment with the settings outside these labs because you might be required to configure the Frame Relay switching within your authentic lab.
If you are going to utilize your own equipment, keep the DCE (data circuit-terminating equipment) cables at the frame switch end for simplicity as well as provide a clock rate to all links from this end.
So, here you have basic knowledge, about what you would be needed in the CCIE Routing and Switching Practice Lab, but, knowing and doing is a totally different thing, thus, your next step would be to practice it on real or virtual equipment. I would say that if you wish to have such a practice, you could gain it on the SPOTO.
CCIE R&S Lab Exam Overview:
The CCIE R&S Lab exam would be considered to be an eight-hour, hands-on exam which would be required for the candidates so as to configure and troubleshoot a series of complex networks to given specifications. In CCIE R&S Lab exam, knowledge of troubleshooting is considered to be quite an important skill as well as candidates are also expected to diagnose and solve issues which would be part of the CCIE R&S Lab exam. You won’t just configure end-user systems but are also responsible for all devices which would be residing in the network.
CCIE R&S Lab Exam Format
The eight-hour lab format consists of three modules as well as need to be taken in the following progression during the day of the exam:
Module 1: Troubleshooting module:
The Troubleshooting module is going to deliver incidents that would be independent of each other, which means that the resolution of one incident isn’t going to be dependent on the resolution of another. The topology that would be utilized in the Troubleshooting module is different than the topologies which would be utilized in the Configuration module.
The Troubleshooting module would be consisting of 2 hours. If desired, the candidates would be able to extend the Troubleshooting module’s time by borrowing up to 30 min from the next module, which is the Configuration module. Note that, the total Configuration's module time would be reduced by the extra time which would be spent in the Troubleshooting module up to 30 min. If candidates completed the Troubleshooting module early, the unused time of the Troubleshooting modules would be added to the Configuration module’s time, which would be ensuring a total lab exam time of 8 hours. The Diagnostic module is fixed in duration which would be about 60 minutes.
Module 2: Diagnostic module:
The new Diagnostic module would be focusing on the skills which are going to be required to properly diagnose network issues, without having access to the device. Candidates would be provided with a set of documentation that is going to be representing a snapshot of a realistic situation, at a point in time in an investigation process which would be a network engineer might be facing. The main objective of the Diagnostic module would be assessing the skills that are going to be required to properly diagnose network issues. These skills are going to be included:
• Correlating: Discerning multiple sources of documentation like e-mail threads, console outputs, logs, network topology diagrams, and even traffic captures.
These activities would be considered as the natural part of the overall troubleshooting skills. They are designed as a separated lab module because the formats of the items are considered to be significantly different. In the Troubleshooting module, the candidates are needed to be able to troubleshoot and resolving network security issues on actual devices.
Module 3: Configuration module:
The Configuration module is going to provide a setup which would be very close to an actual production network having various security components providing numerous layers of security at different points in the network. Though the major part of the module is going to be based on virtual instances of the Cisco appliances, the candidate might be asked to work with physical devices as well. At the beginning of the module, the candidate would be given full visibility of the entire module. A candidate could choose to work in the sequence in which the items are going to be presented or they can resolve items in whatever order it seems preferable and logical to them.
So, now, I hope that you have the knowledge regarding the CCIE R&S Lab Examination. If you wish to have more information, you could have it by joining the SPOTO.
The CCDE is considered for the expertise-level network design engineers, expertise-level network leads of IT infrastructure teams, as well as expertise-level network leads of architecture teams which would be working in job roles that would be required for them to translate business needs, budget, and operational constraints into the design of a converged solution. So here are some tips about how to clear the CCDE Certification Exam:
1. Studying your own way at your own pace
A surprising revelation was that 68.9% of all survey respondents have studied alone prior to their first or only CCDE practical exam attempt. Out of which 25.9% of the CCDEs who failed their first attempt decided to change their study strategy in this aspect; of that 71.4 % who have started studying in a study group or with a partner and the other 28.6% have studied alone. I would say that you should take that studying in a group could fill blind spots in areas outside the “on-the-job” experience, and it would seem, to be quite an underrated study option.
These are the recommendations that are provided by the CCDEs around this topic:
• Deriving Multiple Solution Options for Architecture Situations.
• The key to clearing this exam is to be good at the analyzing part. Analyzing requirements and constraints. Of course, you would have to gain the knowledge of technologies of well enough to form a decision based on this information.
• 1. You would have to read all the required books which would be describing the technology and different migration exercises.
• 2. You would have to Study CVD or the best practices.
• 3. You would have gain experience close to the practical exam. You should go through all available situations from CCDE training vendors. You are needed to check forums, blogs to get familiar with the practical exam as much as possible.
• You need to join a good training provider, like that of the SPOTO, the most important for the preparation.
2. CCDE Books for Preparation:
When you have been asked what the three most important resources which would be used to prepare for the first attempt of the CCDE practical exam were, in first place with 89.1% of all the respondents was books, and in second place with 48.9% of all the respondents was Cisco Live presentations. Considering that most CCDEs in this survey have studied alone, it would seem to be quite natural that one would be utilizing individual resources of learning or enhancing knowledge of technology.
3. Network Design Experience:
48.9% of all survey respondents would be more than 7 years of design experience before their first CCDE practical exam attempt. Furthermore, 37.1% of the CCDEs who failed their first attempt would have to spend between 6 and 12 months between their first attempt and their passing attempt would be tightening their experience.
33.3% of all the survey respondents would already be the architects before their first CCDE attempt, and another 28.8% have been involved in the senior network design job role.
The on-the-job experience was cited that 51.1% of all survey respondents as the third most important thing which would be prepared for their first or only CCDE practical exam attempt.
4. CCDE Bootcamps and Publications
One aspect that I found quite interesting in this survey was, the CCDE Candidates who failed their first attempt of the CCDE practical exam who have remained faithful to preparing by reading books and watching Cisco Live presentations. However it seemed that the candidates are more successful, who would have joined the CCDE Bootcamps, which provide them with the best training, as you could gain at SPOTO.
What is the CCDE?
The Cisco CCDE Certification regarded as the expert-level certification for which the network designers have been waiting for. Similar to the Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert (CCIE) certification, the CCDE also requires clearing both a two-hour computerized test as well as a full-day, hands-on lab/practical exam, which the candidates are required to complete at a Cisco testing facility.
The candidates are required to first clear the computerized test before they could schedule the lab exam. The exam name for the CCDE written test is believed to be the ADVDESIGN, and that's what they would be needed to know about how to design advanced networks. Cisco CCDE Certification would be recommended that you are also required to have about five to seven years of experience in designing advanced networks before appear for taking the test.
The exam would be lasting about two hours, and the exam blueprint would be covering just about anything that anyone who could ever think of related to complex networks. In addition, clearing the CCDE written exam would recertify that any other Cisco certifications you have, which would be included the CCDA, CCNA, and CCIE. There are very few institutions which provide training regarding this certification, one which is SPOTO. So you could join it and get trained with their expert trainers.
After clearing the computerized exam, you would be able to schedule your lab exam at a handful of Cisco offices. However, Cisco hasn't announced currently any specific locations and time slots for the practical exam.
Just like the CCIE practical exam, the CCDE practical exam would also be an eight-hour situation-based exam that would be testing your ability to identify, create, and manage advanced infrastructure design solutions for large-scale networks. Having taken more than one CCIE hands-on practical exam would definitely be considered being quite grueling for giving the CCDE practical exam.
Four reasons to consider the CCDE:
Considering pursuing the new CCDE certification and thinking that you should consider it as well.
Basically here are the four reasons in order to think about it:
• Unlike a CCDP, CCNP, or MCSE certification, the CCDE doesn't have a long list of tests that the candidate would take. You would only have to take one written as well as one hands-on exam.
• For those of us who are enjoying in designing complex networks instead of tweaking as well as troubleshooting complex network security or routing, the CCDE might be something that would interests you more than other certifications.
• Cisco Certification would have done quite a great job representing, marketing, and improving the CCIE Certification. Because of this, I would be thinking the CCDE would become highly recognizable, just as the CCIE is considered today.
• The CCDE Certification would prove that you are going to design some of the most advanced and complex networks in the world today. The documentation of these skills could be considered as invaluable to your career.
The CCDE Certification is considered to be quite an exciting, new expert-level Cisco design certification that would be similar to the CCIE. Because it's brand-new, study material as well as test information that would be limited to what's available on Cisco's Web site CCDE. The CCDE is considered to be the pinnacle of Cisco advanced network design expertise. Cisco network design professionals that have been asking for this certification for many years, as well as only time, would to telling about how popular it will become.
- CCIE Lab
The Cisco CCIE Wireless Lab Exam would be about eight-hour long, hands-on exam which are going to be required by the candidates to configure, diagnose, as well as troubleshoot a series of complex network scenarios. The candidate would be required to understand about how the network as well as service components would be interoperating, and how the functional requirements are translated into specific device configurations.
The CCIE Wireless Lab exam would be made up of two modules:
Module 1: Diagnostic Module
Module 2: Configuration Module and Troubleshooting Module
These modules would be delivered in a fixed sequence: Candidates are going to start with the Diagnostic module, which would be followed by the Configuration and Troubleshooting module. The entire lab exam would be lasting up to eight hours. The Diagnostic module is considered to be a fixed in the time limit, which is 60 minutes. If a candidate finishes this module before the designated time allowed to them, the candidate would have to wait until the 60 minutes come to an end, before they proceed to the Configuration as well as Troubleshooting module.
Module 1: Diagnostic Module:
The Diagnostic module would be focused on the skills that would be required to properly diagnose the network issues; it would be all about the act or process of identifying the root cause of the problem. The objective of this module would be to demonstrate that the candidate would be able to analyze network issues, identify, as well as describing the root cause of an issue. It can also be identifying series of events that would be leading to an issue, by correlating as well as discerning information from multiple sources like the email threads, console outputs, network topology diagrams, logs, and even traffic captures.
Module 2: Configuration & Troubleshooting Module:
In the Configuration and Troubleshooting module, the candidates would be needed to demonstrate that they could be implementing specific functionality, while respecting specific requirements and restrictions which are provided within a set of documentation. Candidates would be needed to demonstrate that they understand how different technologies and features interoperating, how they could verify implemented solutions, as well as how they actually work. The Configuration and Troubleshooting module is going to provide a real enterprise wireless network scenario.
If you are looking to pursue the CCIE Wireless Lab Exam and if you wish to have a valid CFG and TS DIAG Solutions, you could have it by joining the SPOTO CCIE Wireless Lab Solutions. Get more about ccie wireless lab dumps click here.
SPOTO Wireless Lab Solutions:
CCIE Wireless Lab Exam v3.1 Materials Content
1) Diagnostic module would have 3 sets, DIAG 1, DIAG 2, DIAG 3
2) Configuration and Troubleshooting module would have 1 set, LAB1
CCIE Wireless Lab Exam v3.1 Study Progress
At SPOTO, you could be able to complete CCIE Wireess Lab online training within 8.5 weeks if you would be practicing lab materials 3 hours per day. Tutors as well as services are going to assist you along the whole preparation. Every module which you pursue comes with workbooks, solutions, as well as videos tutorial. You could watch videos first, and later practice lab materials.
As for the lab study, videos, workbooks as well as solutions would be provided to the candidates. Videos would be able to strengthen the basic knowledge. Teacher will show about some hands-on experiments as well as make deep explanation on workbook and their solution. If you uncover doubt while practicing, teachers would have to assist you to solve the problem. After candidates finish the specific lab materials practice, the candidates would gain access to simulated real exam test. Only after testing about their success, teacher would suggest them to take exam, which in turn reduce the failure of the candidates to a minimum.
So, choose SPOTO and gain the best lab materials, which would help you out to clear CCIE Lab exams in the very first attempt.
- CCIE Lab
The CCIE Service Provider lab exam is considered to be an eight-hour hands-on exam, which the candidates have required a candidate to configure, optimize, diagnose, as well as troubleshooting a series of complex network scenarios for a given specification which would be based on dual stack solutions (IPv4 and IPv6). Knowledge of troubleshooting is considered to be an important skill and candidates would be expected to diagnose and solve issues which are considered as part of the CCIE lab exam. The candidate would not configure about all end-user system, however, the candidate is considered to be responsible for all devices residing in the network. This certification exam will need a good practice, which you could gain through expertise training, which would be gained through the SPOTO. Get more about ccie sp lab exam click here.
The format of the CCIE Service Provider Lab Exam:
The eight-hour CCIE Service Provider Lab Exam consists of three modules and I would need to be taken in the following sequence during the day of the exam:
Module 1: Troubleshooting module:
The Troubleshooting module is going to deliver the incidents that would be independent of each other, which means that the resolution of one incident which wouldn’t be depending on the resolution of another. The topology that would be used in the Troubleshooting module is quite different than the topology which is used in the Configuration module.
Module 2: Diagnostic module:
The Diagnostic module is going to be focused on the skills which are required to properly diagnose network issues, without having device access. Candidates wouldn’t be provided with a set of documentation that is going to represents a snapshot of a realistic situation at a point in time in a process of investigation that a network engineer might have to face. The main objective of the Diagnostic module is to assess the skills which are required to diagnose properly the network issues.
Module 3: Configuration module
The Configuration module is going to provide the candidate's setups which are very close to an actual production network. At the beginning of this module, the candidates are required to have full visibility of the entire module. A candidate would choose to work in the sequence in which the items are going to be presented or could resolve the items in whatever order it seems logical and preferable.
The Annual salaries are considered as high as $211,000 and as low as $84,500, the majority of CCIE Service Provider salaries currently range around $125,500 to $174,500. The average pay range for a CCIE Service Provider would be varying little about $49,000, which suggests that regardless of location, there aren’t many opportunities for increased advancement or pay, even with several years of experience.
For the CCIE Service Provider Lab, both the troubleshooting and the configuration module are organized in a 100% virtualized environment. The web-based delivers the infrastructure in order to support this virtual environment, using the VIRL/CML.
The diagnostic module, however, could be based on real equipment like the Cisco ASR9000 Series and the Cisco Metro Ethernet ME 3600x Series. If you want you could refer to the equipment and software list which are provided on the Cisco Learning Network.
Topologies which were going to be used within all the three modules which are represented realistic service provider between modules and backbone scenarios. The main focus of the lab exam would be to test and validate troubleshooting, configurations, and diagnosing skills, rather than evaluating specific platform and/or knowledge of software.
There are lots of other CCIE Service Provider Lab Topologies, and if you want to gain it all you should have the courses, which are provided by the SPOTO. SPOTO institute provides you with the best study dumps and lab practices, which they provide with the passing guarantee. So, if you want to clear this certification in a single attempt, you should gain their training courses provided by SPOTO.
- CCIE Lab
In this article, you will learn how to better and faster pass the CCIE Security exam in the first attempt: CCIE certification for Cisco systems is considered one of the most difficult and well-paid IT certifications in the world. Every year, millions of people have become CCIE certified experts, but many of them are in the middle.
There is no doubt that the process of obtaining the CCIE security requires a great deal of dedication and commitment. It was considered to be the absence of an appropriate direction leading to the failure of the candidate. Here are some tips that can be used as a secret guide for you to prepare the exam.
Select the correct Cisco training facility: One of the most common mistakes of many candidates is that they chose the correct CCIE Security Training Institute. More than 10,000 Cisco training institutions are available, but only 4% to 5% will help you pass the CCIE security lab exam. SPOTO is a college; it provides you with custom training to help you break the CCIE security authentication at the first attempt.
Learning from experienced trainers: It is important to get training from people who have completed the CCIE. They will mark the subject that you will take the most time. SPOTO provides you with a professional certification and an experienced coaching team who understands all the considerations in this field.
CCIE Safety Laboratory Training: The practice of the CCIE Security Lab is considered to be something that allows you to learn and understand these concepts. To clear your exam, you must take at least about 500 hours of lab training. If you understand this concept, make sure to implement it; if implemented, you must repeat it until you finish it in the shortest time.
In SPOTO, they not only provide you with a fully equipped lab, but also provide you with a virtual lab that enables students to access their devices at home.
Get to know the latest information at any time: The CCIE Security Lab test pattern will change from time to time, so it is important for you to maintain your own updates. For CCIE safety laboratory tests; laboratory equipment and software will be the same. As a result, when you practice in a lab, you will ensure that you should practice using the appropriate device.
Perform the simulation test before Real: After completion of the CCIE security training, you need to make a quick revision to improve your skills before participating in the main exam.
Development expertise: The CCIE safety laboratory test is designed to test the professional knowledge of the students from the theoretical and practical aspects. The expertise of the CCIE security lab module is therefore considered critical and can be accomplished through routine practice and module training.
Time management, speed and knowledge reference: It is considered to be very important in order to have practical technical skills and a single-time clearance of the CCIE safety laboratory test. Time management is critical and it is recommended that you start with a slow speed and that you must achieve a good speed. Because it is considered a roll-on test, you should know to use the correct reference commands and instructions. If you want to relax your certification, you should take part in the training provided by the SPOTO.
- CCIE Lab
Overview of CCIE Data Center Certification:
Cisco CCIE Data Center Certification validates the expert-level skills required to plan, design, implement, and manage some complex modern IT data center infrastructure.
Advanced skills should focus on layer 2 and layer 3 connectivity, storage networks, architectural infrastructure and computing, network services, and orchestration and automation. Knowledge of evolving technologies and their impact on architectural frameworks, implementation, deployment models, and operations will be included in CCIE data center certification.
CCIE data center course participants will have unique qualifications and can play a leading role in leveraging evolving technologies and in-depth domain expertise to meet business needs that will depend on agile IT infrastructure. Professionals willing to obtain CCIE data center certification must use industry best practices to demonstrate their technical skills at the highest level.
Overview of the CCIE data Center Experimental Test:
the CCIE data Center Laboratory exam is considered an eight-hour time-based exam consisting of two parts that test candidates defined skills in configuring, diagnosing, and excluding complex topologies associated with the data center. Configuration knowledge and troubleshooting will be seen as very important skills and need to be considered as part of the CCIE data center lab exam to configure and resolve problems. The CCIE data center lab exam will be considered a very difficult task, so you need a lot of practical practice, so you need to teach yourself through the courses offered by SPOTO.
The diagnostic module used in the CCIE data center laboratory:
provides candidates and a variety of information similar to the information that will be provided to the data center support engineer, which will help customers find the root cause of the problem and is similar to the information provided by the stuck person. Solve the problem. Access to the device is not allowed in the diagnostic module. The diagnostic module will include multiple selections, drag and drop style items and click style items.
The diagnosis module (also known as the fault diagnosis ticket) consists of a set of documents that the candidate will consult in order to be able to understand and identify the root causes of the problem to be presented.
Candidates are required to associate and analyze information to provide diagnostics in the predefined options provided. Diagnostic module format: the new diagnostic module takes about 60 minutes. It will focus on the skills needed to correctly diagnose network problems without having to access the device. The diagnostic module forbids access to the device.
Candidates and a variety of information, such as email, debug output, sample network diagram information, will be provided to data center support engineers to help customers find the root cause of a particular problem. In the diagnostic module, the project will be presented in a format similar to that in the written exam. These modules will contain multiple selection of drag-and-drop items.
The main difference between the written examination and the diagnostic module is that the items in the diagnostic module will contain a set of documents that the candidate may refer to in order to be able to understand and identify the root causes of the problem raised. Therefore, if you want to get more knowledge about the diagnostic module, you can get it by joining SPOTO and getting a reliable learning dump.
- CCIE Lab
The Cisco CCIE Collaboration exam which would be unifying written as well as lab exam topics into a unique curriculum, while explicitly would have to disclose which domains are going to pertain to which exam, and the relative weight of each domain. Get more ccie lab exam blueprint click there
The decision so as to add topics, or remove them from, the CCIE Collaboration unified exam topics are going to be based on the feedback which would be received from both internal as well as external subject matter expert level during the processes of job role analysis (JRA) and job task analysis (JTA). Any variation of topics would be considered as the reflection of both the evolving Collaboration product portfolio as well as the related job roles in the market.
Several new products as well as solutions are being introduced, like the Cisco Expressway Series, Cisco Spark Hybrid Services, Cisco Meeting Server, Cisco Unified Communications Mobile and Remote Access, as well as Cisco Cloud Services Router (CSR) 1000V. New topics like the APIs would also have been added so as to ensure that CCIE Collaboration certified networking engineers would have the knowledge as well as the skills that would be needed to satisfy dynamic requirements in customers’ collaboration environments today.
Key topics Included in the CCIE Collaboration:
Cisco Expressway dial plan
Cisco Unified Communications Mobile and Remote Access
Cisco Spark Hybrid Services
Ad-hoc and rendezvous conferencing on Cisco Meeting Server
CCIE Collaboration Lab Exam Equipment as well as Software Update:
The CCIE Collaboration lab exam equipment and software list are also being updated. Physical device footprint would be continuing to shrink as virtualization would be expanding. Most devices which are included in the CCIE Collaboration lab exam are now virtualized. Additionally, there would be no longer be any physical IP phones on candidates’ exam desktops - IP phones would be remotely controlled from the candidate's PC. All CCIE Collaboration v2.0 lab exam candidates would be provided a headset for questions that would be required for the audio verifications. Get more ccie collaboration home lab equipment click there.
You have to learn lots of things to clear the CCIE Collaboration Lab Exam(about SPOTO ccie collaboration written exam questions), and a good preparation courses, like that offered by the SPOTO, would be nice if you join. You could gain the knowledge following topics of the CCIE Collaboration Lab Exam:
CCIE Collaboration Lab Topics:
Configuring and Troubleshooting Cisco Collaboration Infrastructure
Configuring and Troubleshooting Cisco Unified Communications Manager (CUCM)
Configuring and Troubleshooting Cisco Unified Contact Center Express (UCCX)
Configuring and Troubleshooting Cisco Unified IM Presence
Configuring and Troubleshooting Cisco Unity Connection
Configuring and Troubleshooting Cisco IOS UC Applications as well as Features
Configuring and Troubleshooting QoS and Security in Cisco Collaboration Solutions
CCIE Collaboration Lab Exam:
CCIE Collaboration Lab Exam would be consisting of the below mentioned
Module 1: Troubleshooting
Module 2: Diagnostic
Module 3: Configuration
The networking technologies modules in the lab exam are being delivered in a fixed sequence. The first module would be the Troubleshooting module, later on followed by the Diagnostic module, and finally, ending with the Configuration module. The entire lab exam would be lasting up to eight hours.
It is important to note that the system wouldn’t be allowed the candidate to go back and forth between modules. When Enterprise Networks working in the Troubleshooting module, candidates might be able to borrow up to 30 minutes from the five hours allotted in the Configuration module. In order to maintain the total exam time to eight hours, the optional 30 minutes the candidate decided to use in the Troubleshooting module would be deducted automatically from the time originally allocated for the Configuration module.
So, if you wish to clear to gain the CCIE Collaboration Lab Exam, you will need a good training course provider, I would suggest you to check out courses offered by the SPOTO. They are the best when it comes to Cisco enterprise network core technologies Certification Training. While CCIE Routing Switching is retired, SPOTO also offers CCIE Enterprise Infrastructure certification written exam practical exam and lab training course. Get more cisco mobile lab 2019 click there
- CCIE Lab
Before we discuss the BGP MPLS design of the CCIE R / Sexperimental exam, let undefined first look at the BGP / MPLS roles and responsibilities that network professionals will perform.
Roles and responsibilities of BGP / MPLS network professionals: today, almost every service provider around the world uses BGP and MPLS deployment throughout the cloud to provide and manage millions of network infrastructure and better service availability and performance for customers.
MPLS is especially suitable for operator networks and commercial wide area networks.
BGP and MPLS deployment will ensure perfect connectivity and day-to-day activities in the multi-protocol network infrastructure, as well as maintain excellent communication service methods without any obstacles, as both are publicly considered standard technologies.
In addition, if you want to gain the right knowledge, you should join the courses offered by SPOTO to enhance your knowledge. BGP or MPLS network professionals are required to have a medium to a high level of understanding of the network infrastructure of an enterprise or operator.
Their role is usually 24 × 7 to support network services and planned and unplanned shifts. Now, here are some questions about BGP and MPLS, which will be raised to candidates in interviews.
Q: what is MPLS?
A: this question is one of the most common questions that will be asked during MPLS interviews, so candidates must prepare the question before they face the interview.
First, you need to start with an introduction to MPLS. Multi-protocol label switching (MPLS) provides a mechanism for packet processing based on a label. It will be seen as a data forwarding service that will provide high-end network communication from one network node to the next based on tags rather than routing table lookups.
Routing table lookups for each packet slow communication, but MPLS uses LFIB or forwarding tables to process tags from one node to another. The main benefits of using MPLS are QoS integration: support for multi-level QoS, to manage delay, jitter and packet loss of various types of traffic, such as voice, video, batch file transfer, e-mail, etc. Fast convergence: switching on the basis of tags do not need to look for routing tables. Provides scalability for IP VPN. MPLS TE is used to realize low network congestion. Reliable and safe.
Q: name the BGP path property to control incoming and outgoing traffic?
A: BGP may have multiple paths attributes that affect traffic.
In the most common practice, we use AS-Path pre-hanging and MED (also known as multi-exit discriminator) to handle incoming traffic. Moreover, in order to affect outgoing traffic, weight and local preferences, it will be the best choice.
Q: what should we do if my BGP neighbor is idle or active?
A. If you think that the BGP peer is idle, it may be due to a physical connection failure, or the neighbor AS cannot define the neighbor correctly. In connection state, BGP will try to establish a TCP session with port number 179; if it cannot establish a connection, it may enter an active state, where it will try to establish a TCP connection again. Here are some questions that can be asked in the CCIE R / S laboratory exams for BGP and MPLS. To gain full access to content, join the course provided by SPOTO. They are the best when learning to dump for CISCO.